Linking Performance and Budgeting: Opportunities in the Federal Budget Process

This report presents an overview and history of performance budgeting in the federal government. Professor Joyce presents a comprehensive view of how performance information can be used at the various stages of the budget process: preparation, approval, execution, and audit and evaluation.

Managing Outcomes: Milestone Contracting in Oklahoma

This report documents examples of milestone contracting between public agencies and social service nonprofit agencies, with a particular focus on a recent innovation in Oklahoma's way of managing its contracts with nonprofit organizations. Oklahoma's milestone contracting specifies a series of distinct and critical achievements and confers payment for a set of collaboratively defined programmatic results. This approach is explored in greater detail by examining Oklahoma's approach, while also thinking through a full range of potential uses of this emerging contract system.

Modernizing Human Resources at the Internal Revenue Service

This project describes the many human resource innovations that have taken place in the Internal Revenue Service over the past five years. Organizational human resource innovations include splitting the personnel function in IRS into three parts: the Office of Strategic Human Resource Management, agency-wide Shared Services, and "embedded" human resource units in each of the major operating divisions. This project also describes the use of broadbanding at the IRS.

Moving Toward Market-Based Government: The Changing Role of Government as the Provider

One of President Bush’s five management initiatives is competitive sourcing. The administration has established a goal that the federal government should competitively source 50% of all non-inherently governmental positions by 2005. To achieve this goal will require a major shift in the way government does its business. This project defines competitive sourcing and outsourcing, shows which situations are appropriate to use one or the other, and lists steps for successful implementation.

Performance Leadership: 11 Better Practices That Can Ratchet Up Performance

In the report, Professor Behn moves away from the conventional tenet of public administration to "make the managers manage." Instead, he offers an approach that encompasses eleven "better practices" that he has observed in use by successful public managers over the years. This approach focuses not on individual attributes and virtues, but rather on activities or practices which can spur improvements in program performance.

Performance Management for Career Executives: A 'Start Where You Are, Use What You Have' Guide

This report describes how career executives can overcome common problems in the design, alignment, use, and communication of performance measures and information. It provides a series of antidotes to the cynicism and fatigue frequently felt by career executives in regard to performance management. The report offers specific advice on actions and approaches career executives can take, and urges career executives to use goals and performance measures as critical aspects of their work.

Staying the Course: The Use of Performance Measurement in State Governments

This report provides an overview of performance management at the state level, and how state budgeting systems have evolved to now incorporate measurement of program activities and results. It describes why performance initiatives continue to be touted by both legislatures and central management in the states. The report describes which components of performance measurement and performance-related initiatives have been most useful in the states. The authors also identify key trends.

Strategies for Using State Information: Measuring and Improving Performance

This report examines how federal agencies should adapt their activities now that all federal agencies and most states are moving to results-focused management, especially in the context of technology advances that make public access to and analysis of performance information more affordable. The study creates a vision for how federal agencies can use performance measures more effectively to motivate performance improvements and enhance public accountability of state programs.Managing for Performance and Results

The Baltimore CitiStat Program: Performance and Accountability

This project examines managing for results through Baltimore’s CitiStat program in housing and community development, particularly as the city attempts to orchestrate its performance goals, objectives, and outcome measures with those federal and state agencies funding municipal programs. md, maryland Managing for Performance and Results

The Challenge of Developing Cross-Agency Measures: A Case Study of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

This report presents a case-study of the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s development and implementation of a performance measures system. The study examines how the agency moved to a system of accountability linked to program resources and offers insight into the challenge of holding agencies accountable for programs that cut across organizational lines. Managing for Performance and Results