To date, telemedicine has largely been seen as futuristic. Well, the future is here. Advances in sensor technology, wireless networks, mobile monitoring devices, and telecommunications have all made it possible to address the increasingly dire shortage of healthcare professionals in rural areas. There are approximately 60 million Americans living in rural or frontier areas, and the average age of physicians practicing in these areas is over 55 years. In fact, in over one-quarter of the counties in the United States, there are no practicing physicians.